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写作的狄伦马特 Dürrenmatt as a writer

Being one of Switzerland's greatest authors, Dürrenmatt owes his international renown mainly to his stage plays and the many film adaptations of his detective novels. In parallel, he wrote a great number of essays, lectures and autobiographical pieces.

身为瑞士最重要的作家之一,狄伦马特在国际上亦享有盛誉,这主要归功于他的戏剧作品和许多被改编成电影的侦探小说。同时,他也写了大量的论文、讲稿和自传。

Theatre 戏剧 

Dürrenmatt contributed considerably to shaping the German-language theatre from the late forties through to the sixties. His dramaturgical output constitutes a life-reflecting theatre world where tragedy and comedy link up by means of the grotesque.
His world renown owes most to the tragi-comic The Visit (1956), featuring the return of the extremely wealthy Claire Zachanassian to her hometown as a device to lay bare the townspeople’s basic moral hypocrisy, and The Physicists (1962) - a calling into question of the scientific world’s political responsibility.
狄伦马特于40年代晚期至60年代间,对德语界的戏剧发展有非常大的贡献。他的戏剧作品反映了悲剧与喜剧紧紧相连,荒谬且真实的生活舞台世界。
他的名声主要归功于两部悲喜剧: 1956年的《老妇还乡》,剧中描述亿万富婆克莱尔回到自己家乡,并以金钱势力引诱与收买镇民们的良心和道德;以及1962年的《物理学家》, 探讨科学发明被政治所利用并对世界可能造成的危害。

Novels 小说 

One of Dürrenmatt’s earliest sources of income as a young writer were his detective novels, notably The Judge and His Hangman (1951) and The Pledge (1958). He excelled in the mystery novel genre; his novels always provide philosophical outlooks on the relationship between law and morality, the origin of evil and the possibility of knowledge.
狄伦马特当年作为一名年轻作家的最初收入来源之一是他的侦探小说,尤其是1951年的《法官和他的刽子手》与1958年的《诺言》。他特别擅长描写神秘小说,而他的小说都会带着哲学的观点来描述法律与道德,恶的来源与知识的可能性,相互之间的关联。 

Essays 论文 

Partially based on his lectures, Dürrenmatt's major essays include <Monster Lecture on Justice and Law, with a Helvetian Interlude> (1969) and <The Collaborator: A Complex> (1976). Dürrenmatt's dramaturgical insights encompass politics, epistemology, natural science and existentialism. 
狄伦马特的论文,部份是根据他曾经演讲的内容,着名的论文包含1969年的<Monster Lecture on Justice and Law, with a Helvetian Interlude> 以及1976年的<The Collaborator: A Complex>。他反思的议题有政治 、知识论、自然科学、和存在主义。

Autobiographical Writings 自传写作 

Dürrenmatt's literary themes were linked to his own life. A two-volume oeuvre, Labyrinth: Stoffe I-III (1981-1990) and Turmbau: Stoffe IV-IX (1990), gives us an overview of Dürrenmatt's life, especially as a child in the Emmental and as a student in Bern. These writings combine autobiographical material with the reintroduction of old core themes, themes he never got around to handling. The published works comprising the Stoffe volumes are culled from over 20,000 manuscripts bearing witness to Dürrenmatt's ever more problematic struggle to depict his life history in all truth.
狄伦马特的写作题材与其私生活紧紧相连。作品中有两个系列的写作: Labyrinth: Stoffe I-III (1981 至1990 年) 与 Turmbau: Stoffe IV-IX (1990年) ,让我们对狄伦马特的生活有一个大致的了解,特别是他幼年时在爱蒙塔尔和学生时期在伯恩的生活。这些写作融合了他的自传题材和其它一些曾经探讨过但却尚未深入分析的主题。而出版由Stoffe系列集结成册的自传作品,是从他两万多份稿子中筛选而成的,见证了狄伦马特真实叙述自己生活中的挣扎过程。


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